The cocatalyst roles of three anionic Cd(II) porphyrinic metal-organic frameworks in the photocatalytic CO2 reduction to CO process carried out in Ru(bpy)(3)Cl-2CH3CNH2OTriethylamine or triethanolamine system
Ding, J (Ding, Jie)[ 1 ] ; Wu, YS (Wu, Yusheng)[ 1 ] ; Jia, SY (Jia, Shuyu)[ 1 ] ; Feng, YY (Feng, Yuying)[ 1 ] ; Li, K (Li, Ke)[ 1 ] ; Fang, M (Fang, Min)[ 1,2 ]*（方敏） ; Bao, JC (Bao, Jianchun)[ 3 ] ; Wu, Y (Wu, Yong)[ 1 ] *（吴勇）
[ 1 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Biomed Funct Mat, Jiangsu Key Lab New Power Batteries, Nanjing, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Nanjing Univ, State Key Lab Coordinat Chem, Nanjing, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Jiansu Key Lab Biofunct Mat, Nanjing, Peoples R China
JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY 2020,292.121690
Three 3D, anionic Cd(II) porphyrinic metal-organic frameworks (PMOFs), 1(3.5:1)-2d-120 ([Cd-3.2(H2TCPP)(2)][(CH3)(2)NH2](1.6)), its Li+-exchanged product (e.g. Li+-1-120, formula: [Cd-3.2(H2TCPP)(2)]Li-1.6) and 1(10:1)-4d-120 ([Cd3.7H2TCPP)(2)][(CH3)(2)NH2](0.6)) were synthesized, all of which have the same PXRD pattern. Their VB and CB band-edge positions were determined in nonaqueous electrolyte as -0.59, 1.12; -0.60, 1.11; and -0.60, 1.16, respectively. Their light absorption properties in the range of 250-2500 nm were obtained by UV-Vis-IR reflectance spectroscopy. Transient photocurrent responses, electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) and solid state photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the three PM0Fs were obtained. When irradiated using light of 430 nm and -0.5-0.5 bias potentials (versus Ag/Ag+ electrode in CH3CN), both positive and negative photocurrent were observed. Mott-Schottky plot measurements indicate that they are intrinsic semiconductors. Although these three PMOFs can photocatalytically reduce CO2 to CO in the absence of Ru (bpy)3Cl(2), their catalytic abilities are very weak. The roles of these PMOFs in CH3CN/trimethylamine (TEA) or triethanolamine (TEOA)/H2O(400 mu L)/Ru(bpy)(3)Cl(<(2)over dot>)6H(2)O was found to be mainly cocatalysts, and Ru(bpy)(3)Cl-2 was the actual photocatalyst in the presence of small amounts of water (0-400 mu L). These PMOFs act as cocatalysts due to the increased reducing power upon light irradiation. Reducing the charge of the framework can reduce the efficiencies of the photocatalytic CO2 reduction to CO. Li+-1-120 was found to be able to react with Ru(bpy)(3)Cl-2 when sufficient amounts of H2O are present in CH3CN and TEA system, preventing the photocatalytic property of Ru(bpy)(3)Cl-2 to be released. In addition, we found that TEOA is a worse reducing agent than TEA, leading to much lower photocatalytic efficiency of the system. Mechanisms were proposed for reactions occurred in CH3CN/TEA (or TEOA)/H2O (400 mu L)/Ru(bpy)(3)Cl(<(2)over dot>)6H(2)O/PMOF system, and strategies to improve the photocatalytic performance of CO2 reduction to CO were proposed.