How can native mass spectrometry contribute to characterization of biomacromolecular higher-order structure and interactions?
Tong, WJ (Tong, Wenjun); Wang, GB (Wang, Guanbo)*（王冠博）
[ 1 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Biomed Funct Mat, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Jiangsu Key Lab Biomed Mat, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
Native mass spectrometry (MS) is an emerging approach for characterizing biomacromolecular structure and interactions under physiologically relevant conditions. In native MS measurement, intact macromolecules or macromolecular complexes are directly ionized from a non-denaturing solvent, and key noncovalent interactions that hold the complexes together can be preserved for MS analysis in the gas phase. This technique provides unique multi-level structural information such as conformational changes, stoichiometry, topology and dynamics, complementing conventional biophysical techniques. Despite the maturation of native MS and greatly expanded range of applications in recent decades, further dissemination is needed to make the community aware of such a technique. In this review, we attempt to provide an overview of the current body of knowledge regarding major aspects of native MS and explain how such technique contributes to the characterization of biomacromolecular higher-order structure and interactions.