Novel nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide-bonded Sb nanoparticles for improvedsodium storage performance
Fang, YY (Fang, Yuyan)[ 1 ] ; Xu, X (Xu, Xin)[ 1 ] ; Du, YC (Du, Yichen)[ 1 ] ; Zhu, XS (Zhu, Xiaoshu)[ 2 ]*; Zhou, XS (Zhou, Xiaosi)[ 1 ]*（周小四）; Bao, JC (Bao, Jianchun)[ 1 ]
[ 1 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Chem & Mat Sci, Jiangsu Key Lab New Power Batteries, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Biomed Funct Mat, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Ctr Anal & Testing, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A，201806,6(24),11244-11251
As a promising anode material for sodium-ion batteries, Sb has attracted considerable attention due to its high theoretical capacity (660 mA h g(-1)). However, it exhibits poor cycling stability because of its great volume change during sodium ion uptake and release processes. In order to solve this problem, using the ionic liquid Emim-dca as a nitrogen source, novel nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide-bonded Sb nanoparticles (Sb/N-rGO) are produced by ball-milling and subsequent pyrolysis treatment. As an anode material for sodium-ion batteries, Sb/N-rGO shows high capacity, excellent cycling stability, and high rate performance. A high reversible capacity of 304.8 mA h g(-1) is achieved even at a current density of 5 A g(-1). Even after 500 cycles, there is still 90.7% capacity retention (473.2 mA h g(-1)) at a current density of 0.1 A g(-1). The superior sodium storage performance can be attributed to strong bonding between Sb and pyrrolic nitrogen in nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide. The facile synthesis strategy can potentially be applied to other anode materials for sodium-ion batteries.