Tuning Surface Electronic Configuration of NiFe LDHs Nanosheets by Introducing Cation Vacancies (Fe or Ni) as Highly Efficient Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Evolution Reaction
Wang, YY (Wang, Yanyong)[ 1 ] ; Qiao, M (Qiao, Man)[ 2 ] ; Li, YF (Li, Yafei)[ 2 ]*（李亚飞）; Wang, SY (Wang, Shuangyin)[ 1 ]*
[ 1 ] Hunan Univ, State Key Lab Chem Biosensing & Chemometr, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, Prov Hunan Key Lab Graphene Mat & Devices, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Mat Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
Intrinsically inferior electrocatalytic activity of NiFe layered double hydroxides (LDHs) nanosheets is considered as a limiting factor to inhibit the electrocatalytic properties for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Proper defect engineering to tune the surface electronic configuration of electrocatalysts may significantly improve the intrinsic activity. In this work, the selective formation of cation vacancies in NiFe LDHs nanosheets is successfully realized. The as-synthesized NiFe LDHs-V-Fe and NiFe LDHs-V-Ni electrocatalysts show excellent activity for OER, mainly attributed to the introduction of rich iron or nickel vacancies in NiFe LDHs nanosheets, which efficiently tune the surface electronic structure increasing the adsorbing capacity of OER intermediates. Density functional theory (DFT) computational results also further indicate that the OER catalytic performance of NiFe LDHs can be pronouncedly improved by introducing Fe or Ni vacancies.